"Evolutionary approaches to behaviour are based on the postulate that emotional
responses, because they are such powerful motivators, could not have evolved
unless the behaviour the evoked contributed positively, on average, to survival
and reproductive success. This is why sugar is sweet and sexual activity is fun."
(Orians & Heerwagen, 1992)
Welcome to Bernhart Ruso's website. As my academic affiliations change ever so
often students and collegues sometimes found it difficult to track me down.
I hope this site helps everyone interested in my work to get information about what
I am up to at the moment and how to contact me.
my email adress:
What is Human Ethology?
Human Ethology is a subdiscipline of Biology that studies the biological bases
of behavior. The field used to be called comparative psychology
(animal psychology). Ethological theory draws upon Darwin's theory of evolution.
Human ethologists also incorporated ideas from psychoanalytic theory (Freud)
into their analyses. Ethological research focuses on human and animal behavior
as it occurs in natural environments, particularly as it occurs in the
environments to which a species has to adapt during the course of its
evolutionary history. Ethological Research employs naturalistic observation
and sometimes uses natural experiments. Ethologists prefer experiments in
natural settings to those conducted in laboratories
What is Evolutionary Psychology?
Evolutionary psychology is simply psychology that is informed by the additional
knowledge that evolutionary biology has to offer, in the expectation that
understanding the process that designed the human mind will advance
the discovery of its architecture. Evolutionary psychology seeks to reconstruct
problems that our ancestors faced in their primitive environments,
and the problem-solving mechanisms they created to meet those particular
challenges. From these reconstructed problem-solving adaptations, the science
then attempts to establish the common roots of our ancestral behavior, and how
those common behavioral roots are manifested today in the widely scattered
cultures of the planet. The goal is to understand human behavior that is
universally aimed at the passing of one's genes into the next
generation (Barkow et al, 1992).